This is part 2: Literature Review
The introduction must explains the working topic and thesis. Key topics or texts that will appear in the literature review are forecasted. How the sources were found and analyzed for inclusion and discussion in the review is described. The body summarizes and synthesizes an overview of the main points of each source, combining them into a coherent whole. The findings and interpretations are analyzed and critically evaluated, mentioning strengths and weaknesses of the sources. Well-structured paragraphs are used, including transition words and topic sentences to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts. Key findings taken from the literature are summarized and their significance emphasized. The conclusion connects back to the primary research question.
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The topic of this literature review is focused on advancements in surgical techniques for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the literature that discusses the different surgical approaches that have been developed and evaluate their effectiveness in improving patient outcomes. Key topics that will be covered in this review include minimally invasive surgery, robotic-assisted surgery, and hybrid procedures.
Finding and Analyzing Sources:
To conduct this literature review, a thorough search was conducted utilizing various databases and academic search engines such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. The search was conducted using keywords such as “cardiovascular surgery,” “minimally invasive surgery,” “robotic-assisted surgery,” and “hybrid procedures.” The articles found were then analyzed for relevance to the topic and quality of research. Only peer-reviewed articles published within the last five years were included in the review.
Synthesis of Sources:
The body of this literature review provides a summary and synthesis of the main points and findings from each selected source. The information from multiple articles is combined to create a coherent narrative that highlights the advancements in surgical techniques for cardiovascular diseases. Transition words and topic sentences are used to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts between different approaches.
Analysis of Findings:
Throughout the literature review, the findings and interpretations from the sources are critically evaluated. Strengths and weaknesses of the studies are identified and discussed. The sources are evaluated based on the quality of their methodology, sample size, study design, and statistical analyses. This critical evaluation allows for a deeper understanding of the significance and implications of the findings presented in the literature.
Key Findings and Significance:
The key findings from the literature are summarized and their significance in the field of cardiovascular surgery is emphasized. For instance, minimally invasive surgery has shown promising results in reducing postoperative complications and improving patient outcomes. Robotic-assisted surgery offers enhanced precision and dexterity, leading to improved surgical outcomes. Hybrid procedures, which combine traditional surgical techniques with endovascular approaches, have been shown to address complex cases more effectively. These findings highlight the importance of integrating innovative surgical techniques into cardiovascular practice to optimize patient care.
In conclusion, this literature review provides an overview of the advancements in surgical techniques for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. By synthesizing the findings from various sources, this review emphasizes the significant role of minimally invasive surgery, robotic-assisted surgery, and hybrid procedures in improving patient outcomes. Further research is warranted to explore the long-term efficacy and cost-effectiveness of these surgical approaches. Overall, this review highlights the importance of embracing technological advancements to enhance the practice of cardiovascular surgery.